This section provides an overview for automated irrigation equipments as well as their applications and principles. Also, please take a look at the list of 10 automated irrigation equipment manufacturers and their company rankings.
Table of Contents
Automatic irrigation equipment is a system that automatically waters a field.
The larger the scale of the system, the more effective the automatic irrigation equipment will be. The time, frequency, watering pattern, and scale can be adjusted to suit the application.
Automatic irrigation equipment is often used not for small-scale cultivation such as home gardens, but for large-scale cultivation such as factory cultivation.
When the scale of cultivation is large, it is difficult to handle everything manually. Therefore, the introduction of automatic irrigation equipment that performs irrigation automatically improves work efficiency.
One of the advantages of automatic irrigation equipment are that it reduces the burden of irrigation work. Once the system is set up, irrigation is performed at a fixed time, eliminating the need for human labor.
In addition, the optimal amount and timing of watering depends on the variety of crop and cultivation conditions. Automatic irrigation equipment can be set to irrigate according to those optimal conditions.
Appropriate amounts of irrigation can inhibit root rot and the growth of pathogens, thus preventing plant diseases.
One disadvantage of automatic irrigation equipment are its associated cost. Instead of being extremely effective, automatic irrigation equipment often requires the installation of large-scale equipment. This results in installation and equipment costs.
In addition, because they are machines, they also require periodic maintenance. Not only initial costs, but also periodic maintenance costs are incurred.
There are various types of automatic irrigation equipment. It is important to select the appropriate one for your application.
Surface irrigation can irrigate the entire ground surface by passing a hose between the rows where plants are growing. It is especially used in greenhouse cultivation.
Drip irrigation, like surface irrigation, is performed by passing a hose between the rows where plants are growing. Because irrigation is done gradually, it is ideal for watering small plants that do not require a large amount of water.
Overhead irrigation is a method of irrigating plants from above. It is often installed for the purpose of irrigation, but it is also sometimes used to increase the humidity and temperature in the greenhouse.
Timer-type irrigation systems allow the time and interval of irrigation to be set in detail. The timing and amount of watering can be adjusted according to plant varieties and seasons.
Proportional solar irradiation system
This is a method in which plants adjust the amount of transpiration in response to the amount of solar radiation from the sun. As transpiration increases, the amount of water in the plant decreases. Without water supply, the dryness inside the plant will increase.
Therefore, irrigation is performed automatically by utilizing the fact that transpiration is regulated according to the amount of solar radiation.
Solar radiation proportional type × soil moisture control
The solar radiation proportional system irrigates based on the assumption that the amount of solar radiation is proportional to the amount of transpiration, but this alone does not determine the amount of water in the plant. The soil moisture content and water absorption of plants are also considered.
Therefore, an automatic irrigation system with proportional irradiation and soil moisture control may be selected for irrigation based on a more precise understanding of plant conditions by controlling soil moisture in addition to the solar radiation proportional system.
Although we have introduced various automatic irrigation equipment systems and methods, we recommend that you consider purchasing automatic irrigation equipment based on the plants to be grown and the cost.
For example, if you are growing tomatoes, a system that allows irrigation based on soil moisture content and a method that prevents watering the leaves is desirable. Leaf watering of tomatoes is thought to help prevent insects, but at the same time has various disadvantages.
Depending on the automatic irrigation equipment used, the method of use will vary, but here is a general outline of how to use:
Set the time or soil moisture % you want to irrigate and you are ready to irrigate. In some cases, you may need to hire a professional to do this, as this may require extensive work.
*Including some distributors, etc.
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